“Strategic Investment in Surveillance for Pandemic Preparedness: Rapid Review and Expert Panel”
Efforts in pandemic preparedness can be strategically guided by understanding the costs and cost-effectiveness of interventions for surveillance, which we call the “best buys” of surveillance. This policy paper examines the state of knowledge on investing in the “best buys” of pandemic surveillance. First, we conduct a rapid literature review to assess the state of knowledge on the costs and benefits of investing in three selected types of surveillance for respiratory infections. Overall, cost data on surveillance remains very limited. Of the three types of surveillance examined, sentinel surveillance appears to have more information on the costs. Measures of effectiveness of surveillance are not standardized. The effectiveness of investments is not easily assessed before a pandemic and highlights the need for rigorous, independent evaluation of the value and impact of preparedness investments on response. More knowledge is needed on the costs and effectiveness of disease surveillance for pandemic preparedness.
Victoria Fan, ScD, is a senior fellow in global health at CGD and conducts research on a variety of topics such as pandemic preparedness, aid effectiveness, and health systems and financing. Fan joins CGD after being at the University of Hawaii (UH) for eight years, where she served as associate professor and interim director of the Center on Aging. During her time at the UH, she established a research lab called the Pacific Health Analytics Collaborative, which worked to address social determinants of health and mental health, while working to increase capacity of the local government workforce through public university partnerships. She was previously at CGD from 2011 to 2014 where she worked on value for money of global health institutions, fiscal federalism and health, health financing, and universal health coverage. Fan earned her SB in mechanical engineering from MIT and her ScD in global health & population from Harvard.
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